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grant cawthorn bushveld mplex

grant cawthorn bushveld complex - The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld By R Grant Cawthorn School of Geosciences University of the Witwatersrand Private Bag 3 Johannesburg 2050 South Africa E-mmail [email protected] There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to supply world demands for many decades or even a century using Get price Get Price

The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld

By R Grant Cawthorn School of Geosciences University of the Witwatersrand Private Bag 3 Johannesburg 2050 South Africa E-mmail grant cawthornwits ac za There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to supply world demands for many decades or even a century using current mining techniques Get price Get Price

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Layered intrusions (eBook 1996) [WorldCat]

Get this from a library! Layered intrusions [R Grant Cawthorn ] -- Written by leading experts in the field this work summarises the important aspects relating to layered intrusions with almost universal coverage of the subject Each chapter is a complete review of Get price Get Price

Eglass

The Bushveld Complex is the world's largest layered intrusion and because of its unique character most other layered intrusions are compared with it History Bushveld Complex The PGM resources of the Bushveld Igneous Complex (BIC) were discovered by Hans Merensky and Andries Lombaard in 1924 R Grant Cawthorn University of the Get price Get Price

Minerals

We present a mineral chemical stratigraphy across the UG2 Unit situated in the Upper Critical Zone of the Bushveld Complex The magmatic evolution of the rocks hosting this world-class ore deposit for chromium and platinum group elements (PGEs) is still under debate Orthopyroxene is a common phase across the magmatic stratigraphy of the unit Get price Get Price

Bushveld Minerals Limited

the Bushveld Complex in South Africa The Company's primary project is the Bushveld Iron Ore Project and in addition the Company holds the Mokopane Tin Project both located on the northern limb of the Bushveld Complex The Company was incorporated on 5 January 2012 in Guernsey and is the holding company of a group Get price Get Price

A non-horizontal floor during accumulation of the Bushveld Complex – evidence and implications (Grant Cawthorn) 10 10 - 10 30 Petroleum Oil and Gas Hydrocarbon Exploitation in the Upstream Business Block 9 Bredasdorp Basin South Coast offshore South Africa (Vuyokazi Godongwana) Session Energy Get price Get Price

STIRLING DEEPS PROJECT EL 23074 Drilling Report Diamond

Ti-V rich layer which subsequently crystallises e g Bushveld Complex South Africa (Cawthorn 1999 Figure 3) At Mount Peake magnetite mineralisation has been intersected at 35m and TNG's theory is that this may be equal to the top levels of a layered intrusion (Figure 4) Get price Get Price

Platinum Metals Review Ingenta Connect Table Of Contents

Oct 04 2010The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld Complex in South Africa pp 205-215(11) Author Cawthorn R Grant Favourites ADD SAE 2010 World Congress pp 216-222(7) Author Johnson Timothy V Favourites ADD Effect of Particle Size of Platinum and Platinum-Cobalt Catalysts on Stability Against Load Cycling Get price Get Price

Bushveld Igneous Complex Explained

Bushveld Igneous Complex Explained The Bushveld Igneous Complex (BIC) is the largest layered igneous intrusion within the Earth's crust It has been tilted and eroded forming the outcrops around what appears to be the edge of a great geological basin the Transvaal Basin Get price Get Price

Platinum

Platinum is a chemical element with the symbol Pt and atomic number 78 It is a dense malleable ductile highly unreactive precious silverish-white transition metal Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino meaning little silver Platinum is a member of the platinum group of elements and group 10 of the periodic table of elements It has six naturally occurring isotopes Get price Get Price

Lithos

Massive pyroxene compositional oscillations on a metre scale in the Pyroxenite Marker northern limb Bushveld Complex South Africa R Grant Cawthorn Ordovician shoshonitic to ultrapotassic volcanism in the central Norwegian Caledonides The result of sediment subduction mantle metasomatism and mantle partial melting - Open access Get price Get Price

Cawthorn Brothers Farming • Pretoria • Gauteng •

R Grant Cawthorn University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg R Grant Cawthorn The concentrations of the rare earth elements (REEs) in apatite from a 600mthick sequence toward the top of the Bushveld Complex South Africa have previously been published they show two ranges of compositions in a lower section and an upper section Get price Get Price

Platinum

Cooperite occurs in the Merensky Reef within the Bushveld complex Gauteng South Africa In 1865 chromites were identified in the Bushveld region of South Africa followed by the discovery of platinum in 1906 In 1924 the geologist Hans Merensky discovered a large supply of platinum in the Bushveld Igneous Complex in South Get price Get Price

Thermal evolution and interaction between impact melt

Aug 30 2002This problem was overcome by Cawthorn and Walraven who devised a different approach to the thermal modeling in order to examine the intermittent filling escape from and cooling of the magma chamber to the Bushveld Complex Such a mathematical model has another major advantage which the equations of Jaeger cannot address Get price Get Price

The Bushveld Complex South Africa formation of platinum

Oct 19 2012The Bushveld Complex South Africa formation of platinum–palladium chrome- and vanadium-rich layers via hydrodynamic sorting of a mobilized cumulate slurry in a large relatively slowly cooling subsiding magma chamber Get price Get Price

COMPETITION TRIBUNAL OF SOUTH AFRICA

Brakspruit and Spruitfontein farms in the Bushveld Igneous complex in the North West province In the second phase AQPSA will transfer the firm to the pooling and sharing venture which exists between it and RPM in respect of Marikana Mine which is jointly controlled by AQPSA and RPM On Get price Get Price

GeoSynthesis 2011 Programme

1 17 - Continuity between eastern and western Bushveld Complex South Africa confirmed by xenoliths from kimberlite - Grant Cawthorn 2 13 - Effective integration of sedimentological conceptual model into static model - Gervasio Robles Hurtado 3 16 - Processing enhancements for full tensor gravity gradient data - Adouley Guirou 09 30 Get price Get Price

Production

Production Production The six metals of the platinum group (pgm) occur in nature in close association with one another and with nickel and copper They are among the least abundant of the Earth's elements Of the few known deposits those in South Africa and Russia are by far the largest Get price Get Price

Mercury in the Bushveld Complex South Africa

Aug 06 2012Read Mercury in the Bushveld Complex South Africa and the Skaergaard Intrusion Greenland Chemical Geology on DeepDyve the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips Get price Get Price

Recent Lithos Articles

CiteScore 4 55 ℹ CiteScore 2018 4 550 CiteScore measures the average citations received per document published in this title CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a given year (e g 2015) to documents published in three previous calendar years (e g 2012 – 14) divided by the number of documents in these three previous years (e g 2012 – 14) Get price Get Price

p3_techreport htm

In 1999 Professor Grant Cawthorn estimated the Proven and Probable Reserves of Platinum and Palladium for the BIC at 6 323 tonnes and 3 611 tonnes respectively assuming a maximum mineable depth of 2km In addition to these Reserves Inferred Resources were estimated at 29 206 tonnes of Platinum and 22 115 tonnes of Palladium Get price Get Price

Origin of discordant ultramafic pegmatites in the Bushveld

Coarse-grained discordant mainly ultramafic bodies cut the layered succession of the Bushveld Complex Previous models have subdivided them into magnesian dunite considered to have been emplaced upward and more ironrich wehrlite ( oxides) referred to as iron-rich ultramafic pegmatites (IRUP) emplaced downward Get price Get Price

Bushveld 2006

Johannesburg Short Course Monday 1 May 2006 The first day of the tour was devoted to a classroom short course on the Formation Geology Metallogeny of the Bushveld Complex presented by the renowned expert Prof Grant Cawthorn the Platinum Industry's Professor of Igneous Petrology School of Geosciences University of the Witwatersrand Get price Get Price

Dr Dave Holwell — University of Leicester

In August 2009 I travelled to the 10th biennial meeting of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA) in Townsville Queensland Australia where I received the prestigious SGA-Barrick Young Scientist award This award is offered biennially to a young scientist who contributed Get price Get Price

Grant Cawthorn Bushveld Complex

2015-9-16geochemistry of magnetitite layers in the upper zone of the bushveld complex south africa y ramphelane prince maila i would like to thank my supervisor prof grant cawthorn for his invaluable support and insight during the course of the completion of Get price Get Price

Platinum 2006 Programme

9 20am The centenary of the discovery of platinum in the Bushveld Complex Grant Cawthorn (University of the Witwatersrand South Africa) 9 45am Anglo Platinum Taking advantage of the current metal prices and shortage of platinum Gordon Chunnett (Anglo Platinum South Africa) Get price Get Price

The Bushveld Complex South Africa

May 19 2015Abstract The mafic rocks of the Bushveld Complex South Africa were emplaced into a stable cratonic shield some 2 06 b y ago and have remained remarkably well preserved from deformation metamorphism and low temperature alteration at least partly by its isostatic impact on the entire crustal thickness Get price Get Price

Susan Webbwits ac za

Gravity modelling of the Bushveld Complex ? Flexure of the crust Jointly with Teresia Nguuri Dr David James Prof Grant Cawthorn Prof Tom Jordan Seismological results support our earlier proposal that the Bushveld forms a continuous lopolith structure that has resulted in crustal flexure Get price Get Price

University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg School of

3 University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg School of Geosciences Rocks and minerals revealed An introductory course in geology The Bushveld Complex – the greatest ore repository on Earth GC Bushveld Complex rocks and minerals GC Prof Grant Cawthorn Grant has taught at Wits for 38 years and is the Platinum Industry's Get price Get Price